Globalizing the Theory Survey

Workshop Abstract

History has been twinned with theory in architectural schools since the 1960s. Introductory theory surveys were instituted in many architecture curricula in the late 1980s, in what Harry Francis Mallgrave has called “The Gilded Age of Theory.” They have come increasingly to appear as additional history classes since the apparent “waning” of theory in the 2000s. The theory survey has become a history of theory survey, telling parallel stories and being taught by the same specialized history and theory professors, such that they share the same curricula space and curricula mission. As a result of this sibling relationship, both the history survey class and the theory survey class need to respond together to the changing and globalizing reality of our world. While the theory survey, however, shares the same mission to re-think an architect’s humanistic education in a changing global context, it has thus far lagged behind the history survey in this effort.


If the GAHTC has sought to support young, adjunct and assistant history and theory professors to rethink their history survey courses in order to maintain their place within the curriculum against external pressures to cut humanities courses from the architect’s education, then we hope that the GAHTC will consider broadening its mission to include the theory survey courses that those same professors often teach and to the same ends. In fact, the threats to the theory survey are perhaps greater than those to the history survey because the theory survey is the only course in the entire curriculum that carries no “Student Performance Criteria” for NAAB accreditation; given the rising tide of anti-intellectualism in our seemingly “post-theory” moment, deans and administrators would face very little resistance to cutting them. If not similarly revised, the theory survey will very likely face an uncertain future. If the theory survey is lost, the overall humanities education provided within the architectural curriculum and with it the need to hire dedicated tenure track lines in history and theory in the future would diminish greatly.

We propose to convene a 3.5-day, GAHTC, teacher-to-teacher workshop that brings together a consortium of sixteen assistant professors of history and theory in schools of architecture in North America and Europe, who have responsibilities for introductory survey courses in architectural theory and who have a demonstrated interest in pushing the limits of what constitutes the typical content of the existing theory survey course. Participants will be invited to share their current syllabi, and to propose an original, week-long module to be aggregated towards a course outline for a sixteen-week-long, revised, globalized theory survey course. The groupings of sessions will be organized around these topics (though below is a provisional schedule). Anticipated topics would include: expanded canonical theoretical texts from around the world; global ecological crises; global labor practices; big data and smart buildings around the world; the digital and state surveillance; the cyborg body and architecture, etc. Participants will be asked to give one, twenty-minute presentation on their proposed topic, outline the global, theoretical, architectural problems raised by the module, describe global case-studies and recommended readings from a diverse range of theorists for addressing those problems.

During morning and afternoon sessions, groups of three participants will make short presentations, workshop their ideas with the rest of the group, and conclude with a round-table discussion summing up what the group has learned about the general conceptualization of the theory course. As the workshop progresses, all participants will be asked to view the workshop as a single developing conversation and to aim to deepen the groups shared understanding of the possibilities of a new globalized theory survey as each of the sessions develop. The fourth and final day will be entirely dedicated to synthesizing and revising the overall plan for a sixteen-week-long theory survey, consolidating or expanding upon


proposed modules. In the morning session on the final day, the group will divide into four in order to sketch possible course plans in smaller groups. In the final session of the workshop, the group will come together to synthesize and revise one final course plan, including 16 new modules based on key global topics of the future. Each will be complete with short abstracts, required and recommended readings, and an overall abstract for the course. This new template for the future globalized theory survey course will then be copy-edited and made available on the GAHTC website after the workshop, for all GAHTC members to use in teaching their theory survey courses in the future.

The proposed setting for the workshop will be the Villa Saraceno, completed by Palladio in 1555, and now owned by the British Landmark Trust. The Villa Saraceno also frames the issue of globalizing architectural theory by marking an early moment in the history of globalization in which architectural practice and ideas were fundamentally reconfigured by the global conditions such as the reorganization of trade between the Mediterranean, the Atlantic, Indian Ocean and Pacific.

The workshop will seek to ask afresh what key ideas and aspects of architectural thought are most relevant in response to the ongoing reorganization of global conditions; with new populations of students in the classroom, with new notions of global citizenship, and with new, global, economic forces shaping the world in the future. The workshop will question whether ideas that have constituted the recent canon of theory—such as architectural mimesis; the body-building analogy; customary and natural beauty; honesty to materials, construction, structure and labor; utopia; the crisis of modernity; alienation, authenticity; regionalism; contextualism and autonomy, etc., still hold up when scrutinized afresh at a global level. It seeks to question whether the ideas and issues we recapitulate in today’s, typical theory survey are still relevant to our current, global world, or whether they betray a long-standing baggage from the legacy of the French academy and beaux-arts practices of reading the treatises. Assuming that these ideas no longer hold up, the group will put forward a new set of ideas, issues, precedents, case-studies and readings that better serve the globalized theory survey class of the future.


Syllabus 01 - Canonical vs. Non-Canonical

Syllabus 02 - Architecture Unbound

Syllabus 03 - Sites of Entanglement

Syllabus 04 - Mediating Theory

Participating GAHTC Members

GAHTC Member Participants.jpg

Coming soon!

GAHTC has hired 100Danish as the new web developer. The 100Danish team, led by Trevor Collins and his team will help s to improve the dissemination of our library content, while also digitally connecting our community of scholars.

We have a plan for the following website updates that we believe will not only be helpful to our community, but will importantly shore-up the long term sustainability of the site and its content.

  • Advanced Search: Imperative to the wide dissemination of our library content is the ability to efficiently search for and access materials. Our advanced search feature will provide users with the ability to search for content using three criteria: object of study, location and date. The search also has a filter allowing users to indicate exact time periods using a sliding scale. Results are then displayed on a rotating globe, with the most relevant results demarcated in red, and receding in color, in the style of a heat map. Users however are not required to input search criteria to view results. They may select the “Browse All” option, at which point our entire library content will be displayed on the globe, and users can spin, zoom, and click to discover new content.
  • Explore Teaching Material: This page allows users to browse our library content in a different manner, one not necessarily directed by search terms. Rather, relevant information, such as module title, author and abstract are displayed at a glance on a series of “cards” or “tiles”. This is a design change from the existing site. The display is more visual, accessible and interactive. The number of clicks needed to access module and lecture content have been reduced, providing users with quick and comprehensive access to our teaching library.
  • Map Builder: Many of our members have the need to create editable maps so as to best convey material visually. We have addressed that need by developing a Map Builder. Users can choose a location, then a display for the map, such as terrain, political boundaries, or satellite view.
  • Creating Custom Maps:The Map builder allows users to alter their map using basic edit functions, similar to those found in power point. Functions such as dropping locations pins, adding text and photos, as well as drawing a variety of shapes, and adjusting their opacity will allow users to customize their maps easily.

Recently Added Modules

Upcoming GAHTC Events

SAH, Seattle, WA, April-May 2020.

Recent GAHTC Events

European Architectural History Network & SAH New Zealand and Australia (SAHANZ), Sydney, AU, July 2019.

World History Association & Global Urban Humanities Project, "Decolonizing Architectural History," Paper Session, San Juan, Puerto Rico, June 2019.

SAH, Providence, RI, April 2019

  • We hosted a full day Teacher-to-Teacher workshop on globalizing your teaching content, open to all SAH members.
  • We conducted a round-table on the subject of “Globalizing Architectural HistoryEducation.”
  • We chaired a GAHTC session titled “The Untold Histories of the Peripheral Architecture and Cities.”
  • Eliana presented on the topic of Global History at the first SAH Colloquium “Vectors of Change: Emerging Challenges in the Study of the Built Environment.”

GAHTC Members' Conference, Miami, FL, April 2019.

AHA, Chicago, Panel and Exhibitor, January, 2019.

College Arts Association (CAA), "The GAHTC and Globalizing Architectural History," Paper Session, New York, NY, January 2019.

"Curating a GAHTC Syllabus," Workshop, World History Association. Milwaukee, WI, June 2018.

"Pedagogical Approaches to Re-Centering the Architectural Canon," Round Table, Vernacular Architecture Forum. Alexandria, VA, May 2018.

"Curating a GAHTC Syllabus," Workshop, NERWHA, Cambridge, MA, April 2018.

“GAHTC Roundtable," Roundtable, Society of Architectural Historians Annual Conference. Glasgow, Scotland, June 2017.

“Are We Teaching Global Yet?” Roundtable, Society of Architectural Historians  Annual Conference. St. Paul, MN, April 2018.

“Global Education: Pedagogy and Reality.” Paper Session, American Association of Geographers. New Orleans, LA, April 2018.

“The New Global: Architectural History Education and the Ethics of Millennial Citizenship." Paper Session, ACSA (Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture). Denver, CO, March 2018.

Current Modules in the Works

Targeted Acquisition Grants

  1. Between Constantinople and Karakorum: The Architecture of Pre-Modern Russia
  2. Global Conservation: Preservation, Reuse and Sustainability
  3. Southern African Formations of Spatial Culture
  4. Soviet Constructivism: ‘Design and Politics’ and ‘Utopia in Tatters’
  5. The African City: A Global Architectural History
  6. Church Architecture in the Principality of Moldova, 1457-­‐1600
  7. West African Modernism
  8. Indigenous Architectures and the Living Landscape of North America
  9. Oceania’s Pathways: Voyaging and Vernacular Architecture
  10. Gothicness
  11. Continuity and Change in the Architecture of Sub-Saharan Africa
  12. Asian Architecture on the Cultural Borders   
  13. The Quintessence of Pre-Columbian Cities
  14. Place-Making and World Seeking on the Swahili Coast
  15. The Forgotten Women of WWII Architecture
  16. Japanese Architecture
  17. Parallel Lives: A Biographical Approach to Early Modern Architecture
  18. The Global History of Synagogues
  19. Etruscan Architecture in a Global Context: Life, Death and Transition
  20. The Politics of Social Housing is Inter-War and Post-War Turkey

Emerging Scholars Grants

  1. Globalizing the Video Architectural History Timeline Project
  2. Taverns and Temples
  3. Persian Gardens
  4. Armenian Churches
  5. A Global Historiography of Persian Architecture: The Making and Breaking of Cultural Heritage

Untargeted Field Initiated Grants

  1. Port Cities Between Global Networks and Local Transformations
  2. Wood Architecture in Eastern Europe, Russia, and Scandinavia
  3. Mobile Architectures
  4. Architectural Representations
  5. Spirit Roads: From Roads and Tracks to Other Worldly Connections
  6. Educational Sites in the Islamic World

Global Connections Fellowship

  1. Globalizing Asian Histories
  2. Our North is the South: Intercultural Processes in Latin American Architecture 
  3. A Global Sea: An Architectural of History of the Caribbean