In the twentieth century, the village—which had conventionally designated a rural conurbation serving the needs of peasants—increasingly became defined through three new conceptions: as an agricultural resource for the metropolis to be reorganized accordingly; as a preserve of “ethnicity” or “culture”; and as a preserve of “nature” to which urbanites could retreat. This course module will try to understand how different villagization schemes operated in relation to concomitant urbanization plans, and how inter-related notions of “tradition” and “modernity”—themselves ascribed to categories of class and race—were promulgated by these schemes within diverse political and economic frameworks.
Questions and Assignments
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