This lecture examines Mughal architecture, one of the most vibrant and dynamic architectural eras in India. The Mughal dynasty was established in 1526 CE by Babur, descendant of the Timurid Mongols. A Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin, the Mughals ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century. During its imperial rule stretching over more than two centuries, the Mughal Empire created a spectacular body of mausoleums, mosques, palaces, and gardens that reflect not only the Mughals’ patronage of spectacular architecture, but also their self-image as exalted emperors. The Mughal gardens were the embodiment of their vision of paradise. The lecture also briefly explores how the artists of the British Raj became fascinated with a ruinous image of Mughal architecture.
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